Under Democratic control the past four years, the House voted to pump tens of billions of additional dollars into the Department of Veterans Affairs for improved benefits and health care.
The new Republican chairman of the House Veterans Affairs Committee said it's time to learn where a lot of those dollars went and to provide better oversight of how VA budgets are shaped and spent.
U.S. Rep. Jeff Miller, R-Fla., said his predecessor as chairman, Democrat Bob Filner of California, was inclined to address veterans' needs with more dollars. Miller said he will be "more focused on helping to increase resources through efficiencies."
"This is a huge government agency and there is a mind-set within the agency that is hard to change," Miller said. "But I think we need to focus not only on delivery of services but the cost at which those services are being delivered to the veteran."
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"You know," he added, "the Department of Veterans Affairs really has grown immune to oversight from Congress. And I hope to reinvigorate the process."
Like Filner, the 51-year-old Miller is not a veteran. He was a real estate broker and former deputy sheriff before entering politics in Florida. In the fall of 2001, after Joe Scarborough resigned his House seat, Miller won a special election to fill it and has represented Florida's 1st Congressional District in Congress ever since.
It is home to Eglin Air Force Base, Pensacola Naval Air Station and many veterans, which helps explain why Miller has chosen to serve on both the veterans' affairs and the armed services committees.
He was picked by leadership to lead the VA committee after former ranking member Steve Buyer of Indiana said he would retire, and the next most senior Republican, Cliff Stearns of Florida, tried but failed to gain chairmanship of the energy and commerce committee in the new Congress.
Miller listed closer oversight of VA's $125 billion budget as his top priority along with improving delivery of services to veterans.
"The (Veterans) Benefits Administration is woefully behind with a backlog on benefit claims," he said. "The only way we're going to be able to solve that is good, strong oversight of the cooperative effort of both VBA and the (VA's) Office of Information and Technology."
Some veterans' service organizations agree that tighter supervision might be timely. One executive at a major veterans' service organization pointed to a VA inspector general report last year that found $6.3 million appropriated by Congress to fund traumatic brain injury research had diverted to other priorities.
"This could be just one of a multitude of issues considered under the greater oversight role,"he said.
One issue Miller raised as something he wants to expand, worries vet advocates. He wants to allow more veterans to get health care from private-sector doctors and hospitals, at VA's expense, in situations where VA facilities are inconvenient to use.
"We need to find a way to allow for expansion of veterans' use of local medical facilities instead of requiring them to drive great distances," Miller said. VA should expand fee-for-service exceptions beyond "rural communities," he said
That raises alarms for some groups. They view this as a step toward weakening the VA health care system. They also see it as a threat to VA continuity of care, particular for veterans with multiple health issues, all of which now get tracked and treated by one system.
But Miller said he worries about older veterans or those with critical health issues having to travel too many miles to get the care they need.
Localizing care would be "a benefit for the doctor to have the patients" near and "for the patients to have their physicians as close as possible, not only for the surgery but in the recovery."