The condition of our federal government is really not all that complicated. Either side can block the other side from accomplishing what they want.
That leaves the possibility that absolutely nothing changes. The other possibility is that each side agrees to work with the other side to accomplish what that side wants in return for getting something that it wants. You might call that an agreement to compromise.
An example of how this could work would be for the Democrats to agree to continue farm subsidies to Republican donors, such as Archer Daniels Midland, and in return, the Republicans agree to support continuing the food stamp program.
But wait a minute. That would not lead to any change, no reduction in expenditures. OK, how about if the Republicans agreed to decrease farm subsidies in exchange for the Democrats agreeing to decrease expenditures in the food stamp program.
Now, that would be going in the right direction. See how that could work? Watch for signs of that kind of give-and-take in the next session of Congress -- just don't hold your breath.