Life among the giants at Congaree Swamp National Park

Special to The Bluffton PacketJanuary 4, 2012 

  • Congaree Swamp National Park is approximately two and a half hours from Bluffton at 100 National Park Road in Hopkins. From Bluffton, take Interstate 95 to Interstate 26 to Orangeburg. Take Exit 145B to Hwy 601 north. At 23 miles, turn left on S.C. 48 and follow signs through Gadsden to Congaree National Park. The park is open from dawn to dusk and the Harry Hampton Visitors Center is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. seven days a week. Admission to the park is free. The park houses a museum-quality exhibit area within the visitor center, a 2.4-mile boardwalk loop trail, more than 20 miles of backwoods hiking trails, canoeing, kayaking, fishing and more. Details: 803-776-4396

    How do you know if a tree is a champion?

    Fortunately, there is a tried and true scientific method. The South Carolina Champion Tree Database is maintained by Clemson University and is a wealth of information for making such determinations. The largest tree of any species stands out in three measurable categories: height, average canopy spread and girth. This simple mathematical formula applies: Circumference (inches) + Height (feet) + 1/4 Average Crown Spread = Total Points

    Trees of the same species may be bigger, wider and even taller, but only the right combination of these critical factors will let you know if you have truly found a champion.

The ranger smiled at us from his perch on the rail of the boardwalk. "The water is up in the swamp today after the rains. That's OK if you want to hike, though; we just got a new boat and will be happy to try it out by coming to rescue you."

Thus began one of our most memorable hikes in Congaree Swamp National Park.

Fortunately, we did not need to be rescued but we did get quite damp slogging along trails hidden under muddy winter rainwater. Recently we returned to Congaree Swamp and found conditions quite the opposite: spare rainfall had rendered the swamp dry as a bone and easy access along miles of trails.

The setting was perfect for what we wanted to do: find champion trees.

Congaree Swamp National Park is half an hour south of Columbia and is the largest tract of uncut old growth bottomland hardwood forest in the United States. This treasure is a popular park to visit and has 26 miles of accessible trails including 2.4 miles of well-kept raised boardwalks. The boardwalks range close to the interpretive center and are perfect for an introduction to the deep swamp any time of year no matter your level of experience. For a more challenging experience, you can get off on pathways through the swamp and trace the progress of time and season beneath a canopy of cathedral-like trees.

The trees were what we came to see. Several record-holding "champion" trees have been discovered in Congaree Swamp, and they are lovingly protected by the park service. These ancient giants are surprisingly difficult to find. For one thing, it is hard to see the trees for the forest. In other words, in a forest filled with near-record sized trees, it can be tricky to find the champion. The journey to find them is half the fun, of course.

Using an old map, Google Earth and hand-held GPS devices, we located the approximate position of many champions and took off on foot into the swamp to find them. The sun-shaded atmosphere of towering trees, sky-reflecting ponds and marshy cypress knee-edged creeks made going tough but the landscape was unforgettable. After a day of this we were tired but happy to have found several huge trees and also managed to find the car again to boot.

With 17,000 acres and more than 57 percent of it designated wilderness, you do not need to bushwhack through Congaree Swamp to find champion trees. You can explore this largest remnant of old-growth floodplain with the help of an expert.

The National Park Service leads regular tours through the swamp to see and experience the grandeur of champion trees. In 2012 the first tours begin Jan. 15 and Jan. 27. Each visitor will learn how to measure and discover how champion trees are determined. Each hike is 6.5-miles, lasts approximately five hours and can take 30 people. Best of all: the tour is absolutely free. Call the Harry Hampton Visitors Center at 803-776-4396 to reserve your spot. You will not forget the experience of life among the giants.

Bluffton resident Matt Richardson enjoys taking day trips with his family and exploring the Lowcountry. To see more pictures from his adventures, go to and search on the username "greenkayak73." He can be reached at

The Island Packet is pleased to provide this opportunity to share information, experiences and observations about what's in the news. Some of the comments may be reprinted elsewhere in the site or in the newspaper. We encourage lively, open debate on the issues of the day, and ask that you refrain from profanity, hate speech, personal comments and remarks that are off point. Thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts.

Commenting FAQs | Terms of Service